Archive for the ‘Prehistoric drug: Modern relevance’ Category

Knowledge is often slow to permeate throughout the public domain; sometimes it never does. What would be the result with the neuroscience research? The ideas that drug use and drug-seeking are biologically normal and that they result from initial contact between consumption of a psychoactive substance, and a seductive evolutionary process in consumers’ brains, may be too novel and too consequential for easy digestion. However if the neuroscience model were to be fully accepted and promoted, there would be significant losers. These would be the powerful professional groups and government departments currently supporting the belief that it is the weak, the socially disadvantaged, and the psychopath who turn to drug use/abuse for relief. This would not be the greatest concern however.

In his valedictory to C.R Schuster, the latter’s lab colleague and fellow scientist William Woolverton PhD., (July 2011) claimed that animal drug choice issues became his (Woolverton’s) continuing intellectual challenge and pleasure. However, he and others have been ‘bedeviled’ ever since by the question raised by animal drug choice research: does free will exist or not? I mention this story because I think this will be a common reaction to the neuroscience model of drug use/abuse.

For millennia, peoples, societies and religious sects have debated whether individuals make free choices about their lives without the interference of Gods, or Fate, or other external influences. Today, this issue seems dormant. Nevertheless, many of our significant cultural constructions, like religion, moral authority and the legal system, stand upon the concept that individuals have free will.  It is difficult to see how these could continue to be compatible with accepting the biological basis of drug addiction.


To date, my posts about prehistoric drugs have roughly followed the time sequence in which these interests absorbed my attention. My next step was planning my fieldwork. Traditionally in anthropology, novices best prove their abilities by living unsupported in the toughest community they can stomach. Naturally it must also be relevant to your hypotheses. Mine was based on inferences from pituri and the neurological model of drug abuse. So I needed   an isolated drug using community that might serve as an ethnographic model as close as possible to a prehistoric community.

I do intend to include an account of this field work in this blog because it is very relevant. However I (or rather my shell) is becoming very aged and I feel I might not be able to finish it.  So, my next post will leave you with a 2013 account of what I see as the current situation with the neurological model of drug use.



Woolverton, W. (2011). A Tribute to Charles Schuster, PhD. Psychopharmacology and Substance Abuse e Newsletter, July.


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